Hyperpigmentation such as age spots, acne scars, and melasma are darkened spots or patches on the skin. It is caused by an overproduction of melanin. Sun exposure is the main cause of overproduction of melanin in the skin. It can also occur after damage to the skin by conditions such as acne and eczema or injury such as a burn and after picking at the skin. Although no one likes to hear it, aging skin is also more prone to hyperpigmentation in the form of "age spots."
Prevention is key! All causes of hyperpigmentation are affected and worsened by sun exposure, therefore a good sunblock is essential. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends looking for 3 essential traits when shopping for sunblock.
1. SPF 30 or higher
2. Broad spectrum protection (UVA/UVB)
3. Water resistance
In general mineral based sunblocks offer superior protection with less sensitivity. These sunblocks contain zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. The EltaMD brand of sunblock offered at Paradise Dermatology contain these ingredients and offer sun protection without clogging your pores. For acne prone skin or for the active person concerned about sweat, the ColorScience mineral powdered sunblock is a favorite at Paradise Dermatology.
To help minimize the appearance of hyperpigmented spots one of the many options is the Sciton BBL photofacial. With fast results and minimal downtime the BBL treatment can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and also redness on the face.
As always, ask your specialist at Paradise Dermatology what you can do to keep your skin healthy and youthful!